Thursday, April 22, 2010

Computing programs

program is a specific set of ordered operations for a computer to perform.

 file is a related collection of record.

database is a collection of data that is organized so that its contents can easily be accessed, managed, and updated.

field is a data structure for a single piece of data. In a form that you fill out on a Web site.

record (sometimes called a row ) is a group of field s within a table that are relevant to a specific entity.

Java is a programming language originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems #

Source code and object code refer to the "before" and "after" versions of a computer program that is compiled (see compiler) before it is ready to run in a computer. The source code consists of the programming statements that are created by a programmer with a text editor or a visual programming tool and then saved in a file.
COBOL (pronounced /ˈkoʊbɒl/) is one of the oldest programming languages. Its name is an acronym for COmmon Business-Oriented Language, defining its primary domain in business, finance, and administrative systems for companies and governments.

C++ is a type of computer programming language. Created in 1983 by Bjarne Stroustrup,

C++ is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is viewed by many as the best language for creating large-scale applications. C++ is a superset of the C language.

Fortran is an imperative computer programming language. Once written as FORTRAN, the programming language is also considered general purpose and procedural

compiler is a computer program (or set of programs) that transforms source code written in a computer language (the source language) into another computer language (the target language, often having a binary form known as object code).

software development process is a structure imposed on the development of a software product. Similar terms include software life cycle and software process.

programming language is an artificial language designed to express computations that can be performed by a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs that control the behavior of a machine, to express algorithms precisely, or as a mode of human communication.

Many programming languages have some form of written specification of their syntax (form) and semantics (meaning). Some languages are defined by a specification document. For example, the C programming language is specified by an ISO Standard. Other languages, such as Perl, have a dominant implementation that is used as a reference.

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